Ralph Reed

On April 15, , three of the largest online poker operators in the world were indicted on various charges including violating the UIGEA. Rough Trade is a branch of a British record store that opened in Williamsburg, Brooklyn on November 25th, In any trial in any court whatever the party accused shall be allowed to appear and defend in person and with counsel as in civil actions and shall be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation and be confronted with the witnesses against him or her. The street boss is considered the go-to-guy for the boss, by passing on his orders to lower ranking members. But you walk away from this film thinking, "Radio was really important then, wasn't it? Players have to set up an account and deposit money to buy tickets. During the early s, Reina became a powerful prohibition era boss and aligned himself with Joseph Masseria, the most powerful Italian-American crime boss in New York.

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So far, two casinos have taken advantage of this option, leaving only seven individual licenses up for grabs. The Georgia Lottery Corporation allows residents to play online from anywhere in Georgia. Players can buy tickets for draw games, including Fantasy 5 , Mega Millions , Powerball. These are essentially social games and electronic scratch-off hybrids including crosswords and bingo games. Online lottery sale went live in the state in November The launch coincided with the release of a lottery debit card players can use online called the iHOPE.

It allows players to preload funds, buy tickets and download winnings. Illinois launched a pilot program offering online sales of Lotto and Mega Millions tickets in March This made Illinois the first state to offer online lottery ticket sales. It has since expanded to include Daily Lottery Games and Instant Games , the online equivalent of instant ticket scratch-offs.

The Michigan Lottery officially launched online lottery sales in the Fall of Michigan residents were then allowed to buy tickets for Instant Keno and electronic scratch-off game equivalents from a computer, smartphone, or tablet device. In January , the Michigan Lottery began draw game ticket sales online. This allowed Michigan residents to buy tickets online for the most popular draw games, including Powerball , Mega Millions , Lotto 47 , and Fantasy 5.

Players have to be Michigan residents over the age of Plus, they must sign up for an account on the Michigan Lottery website to make purchases. Learn more about Michigan online lottery here. Kentucky became the latest state to offer online lottery ticket sales in The state offers online sales of jackpot and daily draw games as well as instant play games. Online ticket sales were actually approved in However, it took the state three years to develop its complex online ticketing and security system.

Players have to set up an account and deposit money to buy tickets. Deposits cannot be withdrawn in accordance with money-laundering laws. In June of , New Hampshire became the fifth state to pass laws allowing for online lottery sales. As part of a large gambling expansion bill that passed in October , Pennsylvania is the latest state to legalize the online lottery.

Currently, it only features instant win online scratch-off games. There is room for the game selection to expand in the future though. However, the lottery is currently dealing with a legal issue. Sign up for the PA online lottery today! Daily fantasy sports sites operate in numerous states. Some have authored legislation regulating and taxing operators, while others do not.

At the time, Schneiderman claimed DFS was illegal gambling under state law and really just a re-branded version of sports betting. The sites now pay a licensing fee and 15 percent tax on gross revenues to the state.

In the meantime, Massachusetts lawmakers went a different route. They chose to legalize DFS operations and set a number of regulations. However, there are no taxes and fees associated. The terms of that deal expire in In Nevada , DFS operators are being treated just like casinos. They are required to apply for a gambling operators license. So far, no major DFS operators have sought to operate in Nevada. Other states, like California , have considered legislation regulating and taxing DFS operators, but have yet to pass any laws.

California remains the largest market for DFS sites. The first online casinos started opening up on the internet back in The operators of these sites were mostly based in places like Antigua and t he Isle of Man , but they happily accepted customers from the United States.

By , a First Nations group near Montreal, Quebec, Canada set up a gaming commission and started issuing licenses to online poker and casino sites on North American soil.

The number of online gambling websites around the world suddenly ballooned from a handful to hundreds. The bill did not pass. However, the US Department of Justice disagreed, claiming all online gambling is illegal in the US, and that advertising online gambling is akin to aiding and abetting a crime.

In , search engines Google and Yahoo! The act made it illegal for US banks to process transactions for online gambling sites. Bush signed the bill into law in October and a number of online gambling operators immediately pulled out of the US market. However, The online gambling industry kept growing and many operators continued to accept US customers. The offshore operations skirted around the new banking laws in a variety of creative ways.

On April 15, , three of the largest online poker operators in the world were indicted on various charges including violating the UIGEA. Access to the sites from the US was shut down and the massive US online poker market was effectively closed. The day became known as Black Friday in the online poker community.

It was ultimately exposed that Full Tilt had failed to segregate player funds and paid out millions in to its owners. A settlement was reached that included PokerStars buying Full Tilt and paying back US players who were left out of pocket. This paved the way for individual states to begin to consider online lottery sales , and ultimately online poker and online casino games. In the summer of , Delaware became the first state to legalize online gambling, passing the Delaware Gaming Competitiveness Act.

In February , Nevada became the second state to legalize online gambling, authorizing the issue of online poker licenses. Within a week, New Jersey became the third state to legalize online gambling, authorizing the issue of both online poker and online casino licenses to casinos in Atlantic City.

In April , the first legal online gambling site in the United States went live in Nevada. It was an online poker room called Ultimate Poker. By November, online poker and online casinos went live in Delaware and New Jersey. In , Pennsylvania became the fourth and largest state to pass legislation regulating online gambling. It is in the process of licensing and launching both online casinos and online poker room.

California has considered several pieces of online gambling legislation but has yet to turn any into law. The Assembly was the first legislative body in the country to pass DFS regulation legislation. However, that bill died in the Senate. Online poker also appeared close to passing in , but competing interests, including operators, Native American casinos , California card rooms , and lawmakers failed to find a compromise.

In , the factions failed to come together to find a compromise and no action is expected in CA in Illinois lawmakers have been locked in a protracted battle over gambling expansion initiatives for years. It has at different times both included and excluded online gambling. The state of Illinois appears closer to passing online gambling legislation than ever before. The state got close to passing a bill in , but it never got through both chambers of the state legislature.

Learn more about the opportunity online gambling represents for Illinois here. Massachusetts is relatively new to the world of legal and regulated gambling. The state actually fought to keep Native American casinos out for years.

MGM Springfield opened on Aug. Massachusetts did pass a bill regulating, but not taxing, daily fantasy sports. The commission explored the idea of regulated online gambling and recommended to state officials that regulated online gambling did have its benefits.

New York has had Native American casinos and racetracks with video lottery terminals for decades. At the end of , the first of four new commercial casinos began opening up across the state.

The state even went through a year-long legal battle with the DFS industry before settling and passing DFS legislation.

However, online gambling legislation has gone through a lengthy process in the state that has yet to prove fruitful. But due to massive indictments, none of the plots were committed. Throughout the mid s Amuso continued to control the family from prison. DeFede placed Steven Crea in charge of the family's labor and construction racketeering operations. But as US law enforcement kept pressuring the organized crime activities in New York, DeFede was arrested and indicted on nine counts of racketeering in DeFede pled guilty to the charges and was sentenced to five years in prison.

Angry at DeFede's guilty plea, Amuso promoted Crea as the new acting boss. Steven Crea success with the labor and construction rackets convinced Amuso that DeFede had been previously skimming off these profits.

In late , Amuso placed a contract on DeFede's life. On September 6, , Crea and seven other Lucchese members were arrested and jailed on extortion charges, mostly to the supervising of the construction sites with various capos Dominic "Crazy Dom" Truscello and Joseph "Joey Flowers" Tangorra. Crea was convicted in and sentenced to five years in prison.

After Crea's conviction in , consigliere Louis "Lou Bagels" Daidone, a prominent Lucchese family member from Queens, took control of the family. However, Daidone's tenure was short lived. After his release from the prison, the scared DeFede became a government witness and helped the government convict Daidone of murder and conspiracy. Daidone's conviction was also helped by the testimony from Alphonse D'Arco in September Mafia cops Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa In April , Casso revealed that two respected New York City police detectives worked as hitmen and informants for Casso during the s and early s before their retirement.

They were Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa, who spent much of their combined 44 years with the NYPD committing murders and leaking confidential information to the Lucchese family. Casso used Caracappa and Eppolito to pressure the Gambino crime family by murdering several of their members. This is because Casso, along with the imprisoned Amuso and Genovese crime family boss Vincent Gigante, wanted their rival John Gotti out of the way.

Caracappa and Eppolito are now seen as the main source of 'tension' between these three families during the late s and early s. For one contract, Eppolito and Caracappa kidnapped mobster James Hydell, forced him into their car trunk, and delivered him to Casso for torture and murder. Hydell's body was never found. The two detectives also shot Bruno Facciolo, who was found in Brooklyn in the trunk of a car with a canary in his mouth.

After pulling Gambino crime family captain Edward "Eddie" Lino for a routine traffic check, the detectives murdered him on the expressway in his Mercedes-Benz.

They were sentenced to life imprisonment. Three-man ruling panel With the arrest of acting boss Louis Daidone in imprisoned boss Vic Amuso created a three-man ruling panel to run the family until a new acting boss was chosen.

The panel consisting of three Bronx faction capos Aniello "Neil" Migliore, Joseph "Joey Dee" DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna were able to bring some stability back to the family while staying out of the media.

In a February , New York Post article the Lucchese family consisted of about 9 capos and 82 soldiers making the family the fourth largest in New York City. The former acting boss Steven Crea was released from prison in , after serving five years.

The three man ruling panel continued to operate as street bosses, while Crea who was under restrictive parole conditions that would expire in , preventing him from associating with known criminals. On November 28, , consigliere Joseph Caridi was released from prison after serving almost six years for extortion and loansharking.

On December 18, , New Jersey law enforcement indicted and arrested 32 members and associates of the Lucchese crime family. Perna and Nicodemo Scarfo, Jr. Current position and leadership Although in prison for life, Victor Amuso remains the official Boss of the Lucchese family. However, it is unclear as to how much influence Amuso actually exerts over the family. All three men are long time capos in the family, but Migliore is believed to be the most powerful.

Migliore has been a major player in the family for more than 30 years and is said to have huge respect on the street. Arguably, Migliore brought some stability to the Lucchese family for a short period. The family's presence remains strong in the Bronx, Queens, and New Jersey. Federal indictments handed out in show that the family continues to be very active in organized crime, especially in labor racketeering, illegal gambling, and extortion.

A March article in the New York Post stated that the Lucchese family consists of approximately "made" members, possibly making it the smallest of the Five Families, although not the weakest. It is probably the third most powerful, as the Bonanno family has had to deal with their Boss turning government informant and their next Boss being deported to Canada. While the Colombo family have been damaged ever since the family wars of the s and the multiple indictments relating to it in the s.

Historical leadership of the Lucchese crime family Boss official and acting The boss is the head of the family and the top decision maker.

Only the boss,underboss or consigliere can initiate an associate into the family, allowing them to become a made man. The boss can promote or demote family members at will. The Acting Boss is responsible for running the crime family while the boss is incarcerated or incapacitated.

If the boss dies, the acting boss may become the new boss, or be stepped over and lose his position as Acting Boss. Reina's gang controlled operations in East Harlem and the Bronx.

Some believe that Reina's murder sparked the shooting war between the Masseria and Maranzano factions, others believe the war truly started with the murders of Castellammarese Clan leaders in Detroit and Chicago later that year. Semi-retired due to bad health in , died either in or on February 16, By , Lucchese was semi-retired due to his illness and died of a brain tumor on July 13, Gribbs" Tramunti After Coco's imprisonment, Tramunti again became boss until his imprisonment in October This allowed Tommy Lucchese's successor Corallo to take over, Tramunti died in prison on October 15, On February 15, , Corallo was indicted in the Mafia commission case, was convicted on November 19, and on January 13, was sentenced to years in prison.

On August 23, , Corallo died in prison. In , Corallo named him as his successor after Corallo's conviction in the commission case trial. Former Bronx faction leader and underboss Tom Santoro advised against it, knowing the succession of Amuso and Casso would be the biggest mistake in the crime family's history.

Later that month, D'Arco became a government witness. Became a government witness after his release in early , fearing that Amuso had sanctioned his murder. Crea was indicted and jailed on September 6, on extortion charges and convicted in was sentenced to five years in prison. The main purpose was to distance the official boss from federal surveillance and enforce his orders to the other members of the administration.

The street boss helps divide up the responsibility of the boss ensuring the official boss can devote more time to upper management. The street boss is considered the go-to-guy for the boss, by passing on his orders to lower ranking members. On August 24, Steven "Wonderboy" Crea the Underboss was released from prison and was predicted that he would be chosen as acting boss again. The ruling panel continued to run the family due to Crea strict parole restrictions.

As of Aniello Migliore is the most powerful member of the panel having the final say in all decision. Underboss official and acting The underboss is the number two position in the family after Don, Godfather, Boss. Also known as the "capo bastone" in some criminal organizations, this individual is responsible for ensuring that profits from criminal enterprises flow up to the boss and generally oversees the selection of the caporegime s and soldier s to carry out murders and other criminal activities.

The underboss takes control of the crime family after the boss's death. Keeping this power until a new boss is chosen, which in some cases was the Underboss. One of the most feared mobsters from the old Brooklyn faction of the family. All three men are Bronx faction leaders who are apparently running the day-to-day activities of the family. Migliore is the most powerful member of the three man panel and has the final say in all decisions.

He is a Bronx faction leader and longtime construction racketeer. Crea is a longtime ally of imprisoned boss Vic Amuso. A former Amuso ally, Caridi was imprisoned on extortion and loansharking charges. Released from prison on November 27, Each capo reports directly to the underboss, who gives the capo permission to perform criminal activities. If the family needs to murder someone, the underboss normally asks a capo to carry out the order. The capo runs the day-to-day operations of his crew.

The capo's soldiers give part of their earnings to the capo, and the capo gives a share to the underboss. A capo can recommend to the underboss or boss that a recruit be allowed to join his crew as a mob associate. DiNapoli is a former rival of Amuso.

Capra was released from federal prison on September 10, In , was wrongfully sent to prison for beating a police officer, was released four years later. Croce ran a sports betting ring and loansharking operation from his bar "Night Gallery" on Staten Island. Croce controlled a sport gambling ring operating in the Bronx and Upper Manhattan until his arrested in November He was charged in two separate indictments in , ranging from bribery, loansharking, gun trafficking, extortion, gambling and racketeering.

DiSimone was arrested on October 1, for bribery and illegal gambling operations. Was convinced that he was paying off corrupt NYPD officers for protection on loansharking, sports bookmaking and illegal gambling activities. Currently acting as the street boss. Truscello also operated construction racketeering with Steven Crea. Truscello is a longtime ally of Victor Amuso.

He also controlled a group of narcotics distributors. Castelle served as acting underboss from until imprisonment, he was released in The men were involved in an illegal gambling and extortion ring. Santorelli was formerly part of The Tanglewood Boys, the recruitment gang for the Lucchese family.

Former messenger between the imprisoned Amuso and the 'Ruling Panel'. On October 25, Cutaia was sentenced to three years in prison for bank fraud. Cutaia is reportedly suffering from multiple sclerosis. In the s into the s, rackets were set up in Florida, South Jersey and Philadelphia. The Jersey crew used Bloods members to smuggle illegal drugs and pre-paid cell phones into the New Jersey state prisons.

Caravaggio also worked with Carlo Taccetta. Giampa has a stepson named Gennaro Vittorio, a. Gerry Giampa who is also involved in organized crime. Longtime rival of Victor Amuso. Taccetta is currently serving life in prison for conspiracy and drug trafficking convictions. His younger brother Martin Taccetta was reportedly the acting boss of the Jersey Crew until he was sent back to prison.

Soldiers A soldier, also known as sgarrista, soldato, wiseguy, button, buttonman or goodfella, is a made man and has already proven himself to the family. He becomes a made guy after the voting of the captains, who then pass the message up to the boss or underboss. When he is made he takes an oath to honor the family. A soldier is one of the lowest ranks in the crime family but still has much power over associates and friends. The soldier is then assigned into a crew and given a capodecine Captain.

The caporegime gives orders and jobs from collecting money to hits. Currently operates under the Queens and Long Island factions in racketeering and extortion activities.

The crew operates around Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island. Cataldo was arrested in December on charges of promoting gambling, money laundering and racketeering charges along with two members of the Lucchese ruling panel Joseph DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna.

Formerly a Genovese family associate operating in Broward County, Cerrella later became a made man in the Lucchese family. He is a Long Island faction leader who conducts racketeering, fraud, stocks and wire fraud in Queens and Long Island. The 69 year-old Cerrella was released from prison on November 27, In , Cuomo was convicted of narcotics trafficking after being found with 50 pounds of high quality heroin. In , Cuomo confessed to discussing heroin drug sales in the pizzeria with Lucchese soldier Frank Gioia, Jr.

His son Joseph was charged on December 24, for an attempted robbery and stick up of a Bensonhurst, Brooklyn couple along with Nicholas Bernardo. Gotti and captain Steven Crea to take over the Lucchese family in the early s. Lastorino was released from federal prison on December 23, after serving 14 years on racketeering, extortion and conspiracy to commit murder. Mancione is a close ally of Joseph Caridi. The 49 year-old Mancione was released from prison in August and continues to operate with the long Island faction.

He served as a soldier up until his fathers arrest in mid s; he then joined the Lucchese crime family with his fathers help. There are rumors that Scarfo is trying to take over the Philadelphia family. He was also running an illegal cocaine ring in Long Island with Ken Cardona. Argentina is currently incarcerated and projected release date is October 4, Ran large drug trafficking operations in the s and sat on the family's Ruling Panel.

He is currently imprisoned on narcotics and racketeering charges with a projected release-date of September 25, John's father is Carmine Baudanza, a longtime Colombo crime family associate and his uncle is Joseph Baudanza, a powerful Colombo captain.

In December , John Baudanza, along with his father and uncle, were sentenced to prison. He is currently serving a seven-year sentence in Upstate New York and his projected release date is July 20, Convicted of these charges in , including murder-conspiracy. Currently imprisoned, Conte's projected release-date is March 3, He was convicted to life in prison in His is currently imprisoned and his projected release date is November 24, Farace was a drug dealer responsible for killing an undercover federal agent.

He was also charged with running a crack ring that operated in Bay Ridge and Bensonhurst, Brooklyn since He is currently imprisoned due out on April 15, He was operating in Long Island forcing topless bar owners to book his strippers from Entertainment Plus Agency.

Massaro would use threats of intimidations and arson to get his way. In summer of helped cover up a murder of Joseph Fiorito with Patrick Esposito he was arrested in Former Lucchese family acting boss Alphonse D'Arco also testified against him, Massaro received a life sentenced.

He is serving 20 years for the attempted murder conspiracy on John A. Papagni's projected release-date is November 24, Perna - soldier and former Capo in the Jersey faction; he began working for the Lucchese families Jersey faction sometime in ; by the s was serving as the Underboss of the Jersey Faction for Michael Taccetta; acquitted in the 21 month trail along with other Jersey faction members on August 26, ; in was convicted of gambling and extortion along with Michael and Martin Taccetta with the testimony of Thomas Ricciardi and Anthony Accetturo; relatives include his father Joseph Perna, younger brother Ralph; The 67 year-old is currently imprisoned at the Federal Correction Institution at Fairton, New Jersey his projected release date is August 2, On July 30, the New Jersey Supreme Court reversed lower court decision that granted Taccetta release and reinstated Martin life sentence for racketeering and extortion.

Tangorra is currently incarcerated and reportedly suffers from mental illness. His projected release date is December 9, Operated out of the Brooklyn wing with racketeering, extortion activities.

Zappola is currently imprisoned on murder-conspiracy charges in aid of racketeering with Frank Papagni. His projected release date is March 3, Family crews A crew is a group of soldiers and associates who operate in a specific area. The capo runs the crew and reports to the underboss. The soldiers run illegal activities such as illegal gambling, loansharking, bookmaking, extortion, and fencing of stolen goods. The soldiers pay tribute to the capo and the capo sends a portion of this tribute money to the boss and underboss.

The soldiers are "made men", or full family members, and have associates who are not made men working for them. An associate works for a crew in hopes of proving his worth to the family and becoming a made man.

To be eligible to become a made man, an associate must be of Italian ancestry on both sides of his family. Young Italian men join the Tanglewood gang to prove themselves as candidates for mob associates. The gang operates in Yonkers, New York. The group was consider a semi-independent gang operating in East Harlem and the Bronx during the late s.

Members would join the Lucchese and Genovese families. Controlled unions The Lucchese family has taken over unions across United States. The crime family has extorted money from the unions in blackmail, strong-arming, violence and other matters to keep their control over the market. Similar to the other four crime families of New York City they worked on controlling entire unions.

With the mob having control over the union they control the entire market. Bid-rigging allows the mob to get a percentage of the income on the construction deal only allowing certain companies to bid on jobs who pay them first.

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