From this great number, only a few survived the brutality of history - fascism and communism - and two still serve the city's present Jewish community. Thanks for what you have already posted. I always wanted to go back to visit, but it has been interesting to "visit" via the satellite imagery. The one midsize payout that is designed to give the player a thrill is the Metro Detroit Michigan United States. I want them to learn how to live with passion, and love.
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As the war moved away from Giebelstadt, the base was converted into a training facility, and from to German pilots, observers and radio operators were trained at Giebelstadt. Between and , the base was used for experimentation and development of secret aircraft, including the jet-powered Messerschmitt ME and the rocket powered Messerschmitt ME The base was placed "off-limits" to all personnel except those specifically authorized by the Air Ministry. In order to maintain the utmost in secrecy, the name of Giebelstadt was deleted from all German maps.
The secrecy surrounding the base was successful and although many missions were flown against the base only two ever found their mark. In April , Giebelstadt was captured by the 12th Armored Division, and shortly thereafter, the war in Europe came to an end.
A year later the base was again operational, but this time as a U. Spatz, Commanding General of the Army Air Force visited the base in July and witnessed an aerial review of the newly acquired Ps of the 55th Group.
On August 20 of that year, the 55th Group was replaced by the 31st Group which remained at Giebelstadt until The th Engineer Aviation Battalion arrived in February to extend the runway to feet in preparation for bomber operations.
Upon completion of the runway program, the base was then used as a training base and a temporary support for Bs of the Strategic Air Command during temporary deployments to Europe.
Then the base was completely closed and all U. The years between and found the base used to billet transient units. These units practiced implementing a dispersal program to Europe. During one of these temporary stays, the Duke of Edinburg visited the airbase. When the nd Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron was permanently assigned to Giebelstadt in , that started the longest stay any of the U. The th Aviation Company was assigned to Giebelstadt in June This unit was later redesignated Co B, 3rd Aviation Battalion Combat and was the first element of the battalion to occupy the base.
These were high-flying, long-range spy planes. Gary Powers, the American U-2 pilot was shot down over Russia in , also flew out of the forward deployment base at Giebelstadt. When Czechoslovakia was annexed by Germany in March , people of the Western Hemisphere got a bit worried. Then, as Hitler's devastating "Blitzkrieg" overran Poland in the Autumn of , and Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France in the early half of , western eyebrows raised and western mouths dropped in amazement for Americans were opening their eyes to the menace of the "Hitler Method" of warfare.
How could this be happening? Where did Germany get the troops, the equipment, the planes and pilots that made his "Lighting war" such a success? What had happened to the Treaty of Versailles? This was no haphazard thing, this was real war. Cool, calculating, quick, deadly. This was a war carried on by military genius and well trained men. But how were these men trained, the pilots for instance? How could Germany build itself such a powerful Air Force without the world being aware of it?
Here is one way. There was built in near the small town of Giebelstadt, 17 kilometers 10 miles south of Wurzburg, Germany, an air field with 6 hangars, an aircraft maintenance shop, billets and administrative buildings.
This school turned out experienced airlines pilots. Nothing here that broke the Versailles Treaty. The world was glad to see Germany struggling to regain its feet. Let's look at why Germany picked Giebelstadt as one of the main points for her Air Force. The town itself is small, unassuming. It is located near the center of the German Empire. The large nearby town of Wurzburg is conveniently located on the Main river, this allowing supplies to be easily brought into the area. The weather in the vicinity is about the best flying weather in Germany.
Many woods are in this area allowing excellent camouflage. The camouflage was so good, in fact, that often the base could not be found in order to be bombed. In the base did receive one bad bombing, but this did not stop the bombers that were stationed here. Repairs were made and during the end of the people in this area were amazed by the sight of the Messerschmidt , a propellerless aircraft capable of unbelievable speed.
Germany had developed the first jet type aircraft and Giebelstadt was chosen as the second great German Jet Air Base after the first, Lechfeld near Augsburg , was destroyed. Again in , Giebelstadt took a terrific bombing, so much so, that planes often had to use the main road leading into Wurzburg as a taxi strip to their hangars which were located on the side of this road.
How did these jet planes take off then, with their runway broken up? Giebelstadt become the testing site for some of the first "jet rocket assist" take off. The pilots were a little afraid of these new, fast aircraft. Flights hat to be short, because of the great fuel consumption.
Flights had to be made during daylight hours only, for too many men misjudged the speeds of these planes. Many techniques had to be learned by these pilots. Different experiments were made, such as fying in the prone position. The ACW Sq took over the main base function on July 20, and has continued this up to the present time. Giebelstadt Air Base has and will play a very important part as a link in the chain that holds together the NATO nations. Each day Giebelstadt helps to keep people free the world over.
Familiar face fades from Kitzingen scene By Louise Eaton. On March 4, , the last time Anneliese Funk saw her father alive, he told her, "The only thing you can do is get over to the West, as far and as fast as possible. The journey that began in in northwestern Poland hasn't ended. Funk is retiring after 38 years working for the American military in Kitzingen and she plans to spend part of her free time traveling to the States, looking up old friends and seeing for the first time the country she has worked for for most of her life.
She describes how her life gradually grew out of the situation in That took me to what is now Poland, near where my father was stationed When he told me to go, our NEO plan didn't work. First, I took a boat that broke down and turned back. There were twelve refugees crowded in that boat; it just took us out to an island and left us.
When Funk reached Hamburg, she learned that Kitzingen and Wuerzburg had been bombed and that no trains were running there. My mother was at our apartment in Kitzingen and when I rang the bell three times, she knew I was home. You think," she relates "I have to find a job, any job, and that is when I started with the Americans - just until things get back to normal on the German economy, I told myself.
The only reluctance I felt was that it might affect my father, but it turned out that he didn't live to learn about it. They counted what I produced for them, not my past.
I had had six years of English in school, but it was rather hard in the beginning to get used to American English. Sometimes they laughed and didn't say why. I know it was because I said things wrong or not the way they should be. I hated it but I couldn't quit because the German economy still was not going.
She transferred to be the administrative assistant in G-4 of the new Kitzingen Quartermaster Sub-Post. In she transferred yet again to become secretary and administrative assistant at the commissary which was then located in the old candy factory downtown by the river.
There was a German core, maybe about 50 of us, who began to realize that these could be permanent jobs. Each family had a charge account. You could not pay in cash. But the biggest administrative problem was with the milkmen. There was home delivery of dairy products daily. The dairy products came from Denmark and Holland and the meats from Yugoslavia. People put in a milk order at the commissary and they could only change it every ten days. Then the milkmen took it each day to wherever they lived and we had to charge it to their accounts.
But it was a good working atmosphere, with a good crew. We put in many long hours, but it was a good job. I will never forget my supervisor. His last name was Jackson, his first name was General, but he was a civilian," she laughingly says.
Funk moved with it. She shook her head and said, "At the time of its construction, that commissary was designed for a maximum capacity of about families. But there was still a lot of work because all our accounts were separate from Wuerzburg. Funk stayed on until to do the administrative transition, but then she began looking for another position because she didn't want to commute daily to Wuerzburg.
It was a very dry job. Because I was not satisfied, I went to school in the evening to improve my English. I thought seriously of turning back to the German economy and thought that with improved English, I could find a position with an international firm.
In eighteen months at the night school, she completed a course of study that usually took two years for full-time day students. I stayed on and applied for his position. Connolley, was the senior officer in Kitzingen and thus the spokesman for the American military community.
The transition was easy for her. What mattered most were the first two difficult situations. Once you gave successful advice and they heard it, trust developed. It is most important that whatever you do is accepted as a fair contribution for both sides, that both sides feel, 'Yes, she is looking out for our interests. As part of the war generation, I understand well the necessity of the NATO alliance to deter aggression from the east.
I had long since resolved all doubts about working for the Americans. They were people with heart who made sincere efforts to live together harmoniously. I remembered a black second lieutenant named Cartwright who worked with me in G-4 in ; he was commander of an honor guard then. I waited until General Cartwright came to Kitzingen to see if it was the same man. He saw the sign on my door and came in and said, 'Frau Funk, you are still here! Many of the young officers I had known came back with one or two stars and they all remembered me.
But, now, most of my age group has retired. The job was so much a part of my life. I feared that lack of fulfillment, of mission, of tasks, the empty times. Late last year I made the decision and faced the uncertainty of what will come after.
I practiced retirement by using up accumulated leave, and now I'm glad to stop because the years in PAO were all-consuming. You know what's funny is how out of a temporary job grew a very permanent thing, and then it became a mission. In addition to these requirements, the soldier had to be quite verbal, able to speak clearly and well. I don't know where I found the time to do all that.
He asked me to trace his natural mother. I started in Bremerhaven where he was born, but I lost her when she emigrated to Sidney, Australia. You can't keep going until you shake. My heart will always lie with this work and my outlook will always be that of public affairs, but now it is time to think of myself and enjoy retirement while I still have time. I feel hopeful and happy about it. First, she says the friendships, but then she changes her mind.
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