Black Friday: Reliving Poker’s Darkest Day Five Years Later

A lifelong poker player who moved online in , Josh founded Beat The Fish in to help online poker players make more-informed decisions on where to play and how to win once they got there. The Big 3, which were the main targets of these attacks, were forced out, paving the path for whatever was supposed to come next. The Canadian town sits just across the river from Detroit, allowing her to play online while still traveling to live tournaments in the United States and abroad. Barney Frank denounced the crackdown as an "incredible waste of resources," wondering why the feds felt compelled to protect "the public from the scourge of inside straights. Just a few months before at the end of , Annie Duke and Phil Hellmuth had ended long tenures as UltimateBet-sponsored pros.

Effects of 'Black Friday'

Molen Van Sloten-kuiperijmuseum

Full Tilt Poker was unable to pay U. Black Friday exposed a fraud. Full Tilt Poker had been accepting electronic check deposits from players without ever receiving the money. This allowed players to get credited with phantom funds. These funds were lost at tables but Full Tilt was unable to cover them as it never got paid due to a lack of access to the U. Full Tilt lost its Alderney license on June 29, It did not reopen until PokerStars took over in November It was previously the home to two cheating scandals.

One was under the Ultimate Bet brand when owned by a different company. Absolute Poker had its own cheating scandal. This meant that insiders could see the cards of opponents and played the hands accordingly. Scott Tom, one of the targets of Black Friday, is suspected by players to be the ringleader of the Absolute Poker cheating. Cheating was not the only way Absolute Poker stole from its players.

It did not have enough money to pay players. Absolute Poker continued to operate and allowed existing U. It started allowing players outside the U. These payouts were inconsistent and seemingly involved favoritism. Absolute Poker was consistently dishonest about its U.

It would tell the press and government that it had banned U. The site lost traffic as it became apparent it was not going to pay players. It closed in late Justice Department started a remission process in to repay players that lost funds at the scam site. Players may go to Absolutepokerclaims. While the three largest sites were targeted by Black Friday and forced out of the U.

Merge Gaming, flag shipped by Carbon Poker , quickly became the largest U. It exploded so fast that the company was forced to accept new U. Existing players were allowed to stay and deposit. It reopened to U. Bodog also stayed in the U. It was later indicted by the Maryland U. Bodog later rebranded its U. It is now by far the largest U. The Winning Poker Network also remained in the U. It was known as Yatahay at the time. Doyle Brunson was able to have his name removed from the online poker site and it later became Americas Cardroom , a brand used until by the company.

It never missed a beat and pays players quickly to this day. A couple of poker sites hit the market after Black Friday. BetOnline created a skin on the Action Poker Network. The network had not accepted U. Black Friday was the indictment unsealed on April 15, This action charged 11 defendants and three major U.

PokerStars was the largest poker site in the world when Black Friday hit. It remains the industry leader. Full Tilt closed 10 weeks after it was indicted because it was unable to pay players.

PokerStars made Full Tilt players outside the U. Americans received remissions through a clearinghouse managed by the Garden City Group. Absolute Poker collapsed after Black Friday. Its virtual doors remained open until October , but very few customers received payments. Most players got stiffed.

There were 11 individuals indicted on Black Friday. Some were operators, while others were involved with payment processing behind the scenes. Here is a list of those charged on Black Friday and where they are today if known. Isai Scheinberg was the founder of PokerStars in His company quickly took over the sit and go and multi-table tournament market. It remained in the U. This helped it obtain the first place on the cash games side. Party Poker previously held that honor but left the U.

Scheinberg never came to the U. Rational Group never admitted guilt in its settlement. Paul Tate helped operate PokerStars. Like Scheinberg, he never reached a plea deal with the U. Tate continued to participate in PokerStars after Black Friday until the payday came from the Amaya Gaming deal in He remains at large. Bitar had a health condition shortly after Black Friday that required a heart transplant.

That seemed to help his request for leniency to be granted. Bitar was sentenced to time served when he surrendered. This money was believed to be proceeds from Full Tilt Poker dividends, ones distributed with what turned out to be player funds, according to a separate civil action brought forth by the U. Bitar disappeared from the public eye after the case was closed. His location and health condition are both unknown. Nelson Burtnick worked in the payment processing department at PokerStars before accepting a similar position at Full Tilt Poker.

Scheinberg et al is still playing out in federal court, many in the community are still coming to grips with not only the games disappearing, but their funds falling into the abyss of cyberspace. PokerStars paid its U. The combined debt of the two companies is in the hundreds of millions. As the community holds out hope for a French firm acquiring the company and reopening its doors, the lingering pain of Black Friday rests with Full Tilt Poker.

After the insolvency of Full Tilt Poker and its atrocities with player funds, American poker players of the future will have the security of playing on sites run by publicly traded casino companies, with strict rules on accounting practices. With the largest offshore poker sites out of the way and stagnant efforts for a federal piece of legislation, Nevada brick-and-mortar giants are poised to tap into a demand for online gaming.

Nevada, with its storied gaming history, has the attention of state governments around the country, Gov. Brian Sandoval said recently. The Silver State is in many ways the guinea pig for an American online poker industry.

Well before Nevada passed legislation that required the adoption of regulations for online poker, PokerStars was looking to set up shop in the Mojave Desert.

The deal dissolved when PokerStars fell in hot water with the federal government. PokerStars was once poised to dominate Nevada-based online poker thanks to a bill the company was backing, but instead it was left out in the cold.

While indicted companies flaunted their businesses in the face of U. The company is now eying a huge return via a partnership to run games with MGM. With a population of just 2.

Thanks to a Department of Justice legal opinion in December — a move that was ironically both shocking and expected — states that legalize online gaming will likely have the freedom to form partnerships. For online poker, having a healthy player pool is the name of the game. California and New Jersey currently have proposals working through their respective legislatures, while Delaware is prepared to introduce a bill. Despite Black Friday and the DOJ letter, some states are still having a hard time with the online gaming issue.

Bills have failed this year in both Hawaii and Mississippi, while Utah has preemptively banned and criminalized web poker.

April 15, 2011: The Lights Go Out