Craps is played with two dice so the possible numbers rolled are 2 through The basic bet in craps is the Pass Line bet: While shooting craps, players may use slang terminology to place bets and actions. To start a round, the shooter makes one or more "come-out" rolls. If the roll is any other value, it establishes a Point; if that point is rolled again before a seven, the bet wins. The player can tell the dealer that they want their odds working, such that if the shooter rolls a number that matches the come point, the odds bet will win along with the come bet, and if a seven is rolled, both lose. This is the gambling website with lots of information and resources as well as helpful advice and frequent updates thanks to your helpful feedback.
Craps for Beginners
The craps pit here features three clean tables, experienced dicecrew and generous 20X table odds. Take the escalator up to the second floor and walk through the pedestrian overpassto Main Street Station. The sit-down table has limited options on maximums, so NextShooter recommends thatyou play on the full tables. Most nights there is live music which can be seen from the exteriorof the complex.
Watch the bartenders juggle spirits and mixers from the main bar. This is a great spot for people watching. There are two tables, normally running weekendsand Holidays, one table usually running on weekdays and during graveyard shifts.
The sportsbook at this Cannery property is very much alligned to Horse action, thoughthere are many high definition television sets at the adjacent sports bar. The casino was remodeled in early This is the best craps deal on The Boulder Highway. In Las Vegas, players generally must lay at least table minimum on odds if desired and win less than table minimum, in Atlantic City and Pennsylvania players combined bet must be at least table minimum, so depending on the point number players may lay as little as 2 minimum units e.
If the player requests the don't come odds be not working "Off" and the shooter hits the don't come point or sevens-out, the don't come bet will be lost or doubled and the don't come odds returned. Winning don't come bets are paid the same as winning don't pass bets: Unlike come bets, the odds laid behind points established by don't come bets are always working including come out rolls unless the player specifies otherwise.
These are bets that may not be settled on the first roll and may need any number of subsequent rolls before an outcome is determined.
Most multi-roll bets may fall into the situation where a point is made by the shooter before the outcome of the multi-roll bet is decided. These bets are often considered "not working" on the new come-out roll until the next point is established, unless the player calls the bet as "working. Casino rules vary on this; some of these bets may not be callable, while others may be considered "working" during the come-out.
Dealers will usually announce if bets are working unless otherwise called off. If a non-working point number placed, bought or laid becomes the new point as the result of a come-out, the bet is usually refunded, or can be moved to another number for free. Players can bet any point number 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 by placing their wager in the come area and telling the dealer how much and on what number s , "30 on the 6", "5 on the 5" or "25 on the 10".
These are typically "Place Bets to Win". These are bets that the number bet on will be rolled before a 7 is rolled. These bets are considered working bets, and will continue to be paid out each time a shooter rolls the number bet. By rules, place bets are not working on the come out roll but can be "turned on" by the player. Players may remove or reduce bet must be at least table minimum this bet anytime before it loses seven out.
Place bets to win payout at slightly worse than the true odds: For the 4 and 10, it is to the player's advantage to 'buy' the bet see below. There are also "Place Bets to Lose". Rarely casinos offer these bets. This bet is the opposite of the place bet to win and pays off if a 7 is rolled before the specific point number. The place bet to lose typically carries a lower house edge than a place bet to win. Payouts are 4—5 on points 6 or 8, 5—8 on 5 or 9, and 5—11 on 4 or In most cases, there are other methods to bet on point numbers than placing them, depending how the casino charges commissions and what bets are allowed.
See Buy, Lay, and Put bets. Buy bets are placed with the shooter betting at a specific number will come out before a player sevens out. Traditionally, the buy bet commission is paid no matter what, but in recent years a number of casinos have changed their policy to charge the commission only when the buy bet wins.
Some casinos charge the commission as a one-time fee to buy the number; payouts are then always at true odds. Players may remove or reduce this bet bet must be at least table minimum excluding vig anytime before it loses. Buy bets like place bets are not working when no point has been established unless the player specifies otherwise. The house edges stated in the table assume the commission is charged on all bets.
They are reduced by at least a factor of two if commission is charged on winning bets only. A lay bet is the opposite of a buy bet, where a player bets on a 7 to roll before the number that is laid. Players may only lay the 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 and may lay multiple numbers if desired.
Just like the buy bet lay bets pay true odds, but because the lay bet is the opposite of the buy bet, the payout is reversed. Therefore, players get 1 to 2 for the numbers 4 and 10, 2 to 3 for the numbers 5 and 9, and 5 to 6 for the numbers 6 and 8. Like the buy bet the commission is adjusted to suit the betting unit such that fraction of a dollar payouts are not needed.
Casinos may charge the vig up front thereby requiring the player to pay a vig win or lose, other casinos may only take the vig if the bet wins. Taking vig only on wins lowers house edge. Players may removed or reduce this bet bet must be at least table minimum anytime before it loses.
Some casinos in Las Vegas allow players to lay table minimum plus vig if desired and win less than table minimum. Lay bet maximums are equal to the table maximum win, so if a player wishes to lay the 4 or 10, he or she may bet twice at amount of the table maximum for the win to be table maximum.
Similar to buy betting, some casinos only take commission on win reducing house edge. Unlike place and buy bets, lay bets are always working even when no point has been established. The player must specify otherwise if he or she wishes to have the bet not working.
If a player is unsure of whether a bet is a single or multi-roll bet, it can be noted that all single-roll bets will be displayed on the playing surface in one color usually red , while all multi-roll bets will be displayed in a different color usually yellow. A put bet is a bet which allows players to increase or make a Pass line bet after a point has been established after come-out roll.
Players may make a put bet on the Pass line and take odds immediately or increase odds behind if a player decides to add money to an already existing Pass line bet. Put betting also allows players to increase an existing come bet for additional odds after a come point has been established or make a new come bet and take odds immediately behind if desired without a come bet point being established.
If increased or added put bets on the Pass line and Come cannot be turned "Off", removed or reduced, but odds bet behind can be turned "Off", removed or reduced. The odds bet is generally required to be the table minimum.
Player cannot put bet the Don't Pass or Don't Come. Put betting may give a larger house edge over place betting unless the casino offers high odds. Put bets are better than place bets to win when betting more than 5-times odds over the flat bet portion of the put bet.
Looking at two possible bets: The player needs to be at a table which not only allows put bets, but also high-times odds, to take this advantage. This bet can only be placed on the numbers 4, 6, 8, and In order for this bet to win, the chosen number must be rolled the "hard way" as doubles before a 7 or any other non-double combination "easy way" totaling that number is rolled.
In Las Vegas casinos, this bet is generally working, including when no point has been established, unless the player specifies otherwise. In other casinos such as those in Atlantic City , hard ways are not working when the point is off unless the player requests to have it working on the come out roll. Like single-roll bets, hard way bets can be lower than the table minimum; however, the maximum bet allowed is also lower than the table maximum.
The minimum hard way bet can be a minimum one unit. The maximum bet is based on the maximum allowed win from a single roll. Easy way is not a specific bet offered in standard casinos, but a term used to define any number combination which has two ways to roll.
For example, 6—4, 4—6 would be a "10 easy". The 4, 6, 8 or 10 can be made both hard and easy ways. Betting point numbers which pays off on easy or hard rolls of that number or single-roll "hop" bets e.
A player can choose either the 6 or 8 being rolled before the shooter throws a seven. These wagers are usually avoided by experienced craps players since they pay even money 1: The bets are located in the corners behind the pass line, and bets may be placed directly by players.
In addition place bets are usually not working, except by agreement, when the shooter is "coming out" i. Single-roll proposition bets are resolved in one dice roll by the shooter.
Most of these are called "Service Bets", and they are located at the center of most craps tables. Only the stickman or a dealer can place a service bet. The lowest single roll bet can be a minimum one unit bet. Single bets are always working by default unless the player specifies otherwise. Wins if shooter rolls a 2 or The stickman places this bet on the line dividing the 2 and 12 bets. A combined bet, a player is betting half their bet on craps 2,3,12 and the other half on 11 yo.
The combine payout is 3: Another method of calculating the payout is to divide the total bet in half. The player would receive 7: If an 11 was rolled the player would receive Both methods of calculation yield the same result so either method can be used. If a player wishes to take the bet down after a win the player would receive the whole bet not half even though only one of the two bets can win per roll.
One of the two bets will always lose, the other may win. Wins if the shooter rolls a 7 with 4: This bet is also nicknamed Big Red, since the 7 on its betting space on the layout is usually large and red, and it is considered bad luck [ by whom?
This is a bet that involves betting on 1 unit each for 2, 3, 11 and 12 at the same time for the next roll. The bet is actually four separate bets, and pays off depending on which number is actually rolled.
The combine payout is Each individual bet has the same payout as a single bet on the specific numbers, If a player wins the bet he can take down all four bets instead of a single bet even though only one bet can win per roll.
Many players, in order to eliminate the confusion of tossing four chips to the center of the table or having change made while bets are being placed, will make a five-unit Horn High bet, which is a four-way bet with the extra unit going to one specific number.
Horn bets are generally required to be in multiples of 4 or 5 with the minimum bet being 4 times the minimum unit allowed. A five-unit bet that is a combination of a horn and any-seven bet, with the idea that if a seven is rolled the bet is a push, because the money won on the seven is lost on the horn portions of the bet.
The combine odds are The minimum bet is five of the minimum units. On the Hop, Hop or Hopping: A single roll bet on any particular combination of the two dice on the next roll including combinations whose sum is 7 e.
For example, if you bet on "5 and 1" on the hop, you are betting that the next roll will have a 5 on one die and a 1 on the other die. The bet pays Hard ways hop pays The true odds are When presented, hop bets are located at the center of the craps layout with the other proposition bets. If hop bets are not on the craps layout, they still may be bet on by players but they become the responsibility of the boxman to book the bet.
Sometimes players may request to hop a whole number. In this case the money on the bet different combinations. For example, if a player says "hop the tens" 6—4, 5—5, 4—6 the player must give the dealer an even number bet so it can be divided among the hard and easy ways. If a player wishes to "hop the sevens" there would be three different combinations and six possible ways to roll a 7 6—1, 5—2, 4—3, 3—4, 2—5, 1—6 therefore the player should bet in multiples of 3 so the bet can be divided among each combination with a This bet is a wager that one of the numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12 will appear on the next roll of the dice.
This bet typically pays more 2: The Field bet is a "Self-Service" Bet. Unlike the other proposition bets which are handled by the dealers or stickman, the field bet is placed directly by the player. Players identify their Field bets by placing them in the Field area directly in front of them or as close to their position as possible.
A registered trademark owned by SHFL entertainment. As different individual points are made by the shooter, they will be marked on the craps layout with a fire symbol. The first three points will not pay out on the fire bet, but the fourth, fifth and sixth will pay out at increasing odds.
The fourth point pays at to-1, the fifth point pays at to-1 and the 6th point pays at to Note that the points must all be different numbers for them to count towards the fire bet. For example, a shooter who successfully hits a point of 10 twice will only garner credit for the first one on the fire bet.
Players must hit the established point in order for it to count toward the fire bet. The payout is determine by the number of points which have been established and hit after the shooter sevens out.
Is a registered trademark owned by Galaxy Gaming. These bets pay for-1, for a house advantage of 7. This pays for-1, for a house edge of 7. For all three wagers, the order in which the numbers are hit does not matter. Whenever a seven is hit, including on the come out roll, all bonus bets lose, the bonus board is reset, and new bonus bets may be placed.
A player may wish to make multiple different bets. If one of the bets win the dealer may automatically replenish the losing bet with profits from the winning bet. In this example, if the shooter rolls a hard 8 pays 9: If the player does not want the bet replenished, he or she should request any or all bets be taken down.
A working bet is a live bet. Bets may also be on the board, but not in play and therefore not working. Pass line and come bets are always working meaning the chips are in play and the player is therefore wagering live money. Other bets may be working or not working depending whether a point has been established or player's choice. Place and buy bets are working by default when a point is established and not working when the point is off unless the player specifies otherwise.
Lay bets are always working even if a point has not been established unless the player requests otherwise. At any time, a player may wish to take any bet or bets out of play. The dealer will put an "Off" button on the player's specific bet or bets; this allows the player to keep his chips on the board without a live wager.
For example, if a player decides not to wager a place bet mid-roll but wishes to keep the chips on the number, he or she may request the bet be "not working" or "Off". The chips remain on the table, but the player cannot win from or lose chips which are not working. The opposite is also allowed. By default place and buy bets are not working without an established point; a player may wish to wager chips before a point has been established.
In this case, the player would request the bet be working in which the dealer will place an "On" button on the specified chips. The probability of dice combinations determine the odds of the payout. The following chart shows the dice combinations needed to roll each number. The two and twelve are the hardest to roll since only one combination of dice is possible.
The game of craps is built around the dice roll of seven, since it is the most easily rolled dice combination. The expected value of all bets is usually negative, such that the average player will always lose money. This is because the house always sets the paid odds to below the actual odds.
However, this "free odds" bet cannot be made independently, so the expected value of the entire bet, including odds, is still negative. Since there is no correlation between die rolls, there is normally no possible long-term winning strategy in craps. There are occasional promotional variants that provide either no house edge or even a player edge.
One example is a field bet that pays 3: Overall, given the 5: This is sometimes seen at casinos running limited-time incentives, in jurisdictions or gaming houses that require the game to be fair, or in layouts for use in informal settings using play money. No casino currently runs a craps table with a bet that yields a player edge full-time. Maximizing the size of the odds bet in relation to the line bet will reduce, but never eliminate the house edge, and will increase variance.
Most casinos have a limit on how large the odds bet can be in relation to the line bet, with single, double, and five times odds common. Some casinos offer 3—4—5 odds, referring to the maximum multiple of the line bet a player can place in odds for the points of 4 and 10, 5 and 9, and 6 and 8, respectively. During promotional periods, a casino may even offer x odds bets, which reduces the house edge to almost nothing, but dramatically increases variance, as the player will be betting in large betting units.
Since several of the multiple roll bets pay off in ratios of fractions on the dollar, it is important that the player bets in multiples that will allow a correct payoff in complete dollars. Normally, payoffs will be rounded down to the nearest dollar, resulting in a higher house advantage.
These bets include all place bets, taking odds, and buying on numbers 6, 8, 5, and 9, as well as laying all numbers. These variants depend on the casino and the table, and sometimes a casino will have different tables that use or omit these variants and others.
When craps is played in a casino, all bets have a house advantage. There may be players who are lucky and get ahead for a period of time, but in the long run these winning streaks are eroded away.
One can slow, but not eliminate, one's average losses by only placing bets with the smallest house advantage. The place bets and buy bets differ from the pass line and come line, in that place bets and buy bets can be removed at any time, since, while they are multi-roll bets, their odds of winning do not change from roll to roll, whereas pass line bets and come line bets are a combination of different odds on their first roll and subsequent rolls.
The first roll of a pass line bet is 2: As such, they cannot profitably let you take down the bet after the first roll.
This bet generally has a higher house edge than place betting, unless the casino offers high odds. Conversely, you can take back pick up a don't pass or don't come bet after the first roll, but this cannot be recommended, because you already endured the disadvantaged part of the combination — the first roll. On that come-out roll, you win just 3 times 2 and 3 , while losing 8 of them 7 and 11 and pushing once 12 out of the 36 possible rolls. On the other 24 rolls that become a point, your don't pass bet is now to your advantage by 6: However, players can still make standard lay bets odds on any of the point numbers 4,5,6,8,9, Among these, and the remaining numbers and possible bets, there are a myriad of systems and progressions that can be used with many combinations of numbers.
An important alternative metric is house advantage per roll rather than per bet , which may be expressed in loss per hour. Besides the rules of the game itself, a number of formal and informal rules are commonly applied in the table form of Craps, especially when played in a casino. To reduce the potential opportunity for switching dice by sleight-of-hand , players are not supposed to handle the dice with more than one hand such as shaking them in cupped hands before rolling nor take the dice past the edge of the table.
If a player wishes to change shooting hands, they may set the dice on the table, let go, then take them with the other hand. When throwing the dice, the player is expected to hit the farthest wall at the opposite end of the table these walls are typically augmented with pyramidal structures to ensure highly unpredictable bouncing after impact.
Casinos will sometimes allow a roll that does not hit the opposite wall as long as the dice are thrown past the middle of the table; a very short roll will be nullified as a "no roll". The dice may not be slid across the table and must be tossed. Players are generally asked not to throw the dice above a certain height such as the eye level of the dealers.
This is both for the safety of those around the table, and to eliminate the potential use of such a throw as a distraction device in order to cheat. Dice are still considered "in play" if they land on players' bets on the table, the dealer's working stacks, on the marker puck, or with one die resting on top of the other. The roll is invalid if either or both dice land in the boxman's bank, the stickman's bowl where the extra three dice are kept between rolls , or in the rails around the top of the table where players chips are kept.
If one or both dice hits a player or dealer and rolls back onto the table, the roll counts as long as the person being hit did not intentionally interfere with either of the dice, though some casinos will rule "no roll" for this situation. If one or both leave the table, it is also a "no roll", and the dice may either be replaced or examined by the boxman and returned to play.
Shooters may wish to "set" the dice to a particular starting configuration before throwing such as showing a particular number or combination, stacking the dice, or spacing them to be picked up between different fingers , but if they do, they are often asked to be quick about it so as not to delay the game. Some casinos disallow such rituals to speed up the pace of the game. In most casinos, players are not allowed to hand anything directly to dealers, and vice versa.
Items such as cash, checks, and chips are exchanged by laying them down on the table; for example, when "buying in" paying cash for chips , players are expected to place the cash on the layout: This rule is enforced in order to allow the casino to easily monitor and record all transfers via overhead surveillance cameras, and to reduce the opportunity for cheating via sleight-of-hand.
Most casinos prohibit "call bets", and may have a warning such as "No Call Bets" printed on the layout to make this clear. This means a player may not call out a bet without also placing the corresponding chips on the table. Such a rule reduces the potential for misunderstanding in loud environments, as well as disputes over the amount that the player intended to bet after the outcome has been decided. Some casinos choose to allow call bets once players have bought-in.
When allowed, they are usually made when a player wishes to bet at the last second, immediately before the dice are thrown, to avoid the risk of obstructing the roll. Craps is among the most social and most superstitious of all gambling games, which leads to an enormous variety of informal rules of etiquette that players may be expected to follow.
Tipping the dealers is universal and expected in Craps. As in most other casino games, a player may simply place or toss chips onto the table and say, "For the dealers", "For the crew", etc. In craps, it is also common to place a bet for the dealers. This is usually done one of three ways: A "Two-Way" is a bet for both parties: Players may also place a stack of chips for a bet as usual, but leave the top chip off-center and announce "on top for the dealers".
In some cases, players may also tip each other, for example as a show of gratitude to the thrower for a roll on which they win a substantial bet.
Craps players routinely practice a wide range of superstitious behaviors, and may expect or demand these from other players as well. Most prominently, it is universally considered bad luck to say the word "seven" after the "come-out", a roll of 7 is a loss for "pass" bets. Dealers themselves often make significant efforts to avoid calling out the number.
When necessary, participants may refer to seven with a "nickname" such as "Big Red" or just "Red" , "the S-word", etc. Although no wagering system can consistently beat casino games based on independent trials such as craps, that does not stop gamblers from believing in them. One of the best known systems is the Martingale System.
In this strategy, the gambler doubles his bet after every loss. After a win, the bet is reset to the original bet. The theory is that the first win would recover all previous losses plus win a profit equal to the original stake. The main article on martingale describes the flaws in this system. Other systems depend on the gambler's fallacy, which in craps terms is the belief that past dice rolls influence the probabilities of future dice rolls.
For example, the gambler's fallacy indicates that a craps player should bet on eleven if an eleven has not appeared or has appeared too often in the last 20 rolls.
In practice this can be observed as players respond to a roll such as a Hard Six with an immediate wager on the Hard Six. Even if the dice are actually biased toward particular results "loaded" , each roll is still independent of all the previous ones.
The common term to describe this is "dice have no memory". Another approach is to "set" the dice in a particular orientation, and then throw them in such a manner that they do not tumble randomly. The theory is that given exactly the same throw from exactly the same starting configuration, the dice will tumble in the same way and therefore show the same or similar values every time.
Casinos take steps to prevent this. The dice are usually required to hit the back wall of the table, which is normally faced with an angular texture such as pyramids, making controlled spins more difficult.
There has been no independent evidence that such methods can be successfully applied in a real casino. Bank craps is a variation of the original craps game and is sometimes known as Las Vegas Craps. This variant is quite popular in Nevada gambling houses, and its availability online has now made it a globally played game. Bank craps uses a special table layout and all bets must be made against the house. Generally, if the word "craps" is used without any modifier, it can be inferred to mean this version of the game, to which most of this article refers.
Crapless craps, also known as Bastard Craps, is a simple version of the original craps game, and is normally played as an online private game. The biggest difference between crapless craps and original craps, is that the shooter person throwing the dice is at a far greater disadvantage and has a house edge of 5. Another difference is that this is one of the craps games in which a player can bet on rolling a 2, 3, 11 or 12 before a 7 is thrown. In crapless craps, 2 and 12 have odds of History states that this game was actually found and played in casinos in Yugoslavia, the UK and the Bahamas.
In this craps variant, the house edge is greater than Las Vegas Craps or Bank craps. The table layout is also different, and is called a double-end-dealer table. New York Craps Players bet on box numbers like 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or In order to get around California laws barring the payout of a game being directly related to the roll of dice, Indian reservations have adapted the game to substitute cards for dice.
In one variation, there are no dice at all. Two shoes are used, each containing some number of regular card decks that have been stripped down to just the Aces and deuces through sixes. The boxman simply deals one card from each shoe and that is the roll on which bets are settled. In a similar variation, cards representing dice are dealt directly from a continuous shuffling machine CSM. Typically, the CSM will hold approximately cards, or 44 sets of 1 through 6 spot cards.
Two cards are dealt from the CSM for each roll. The game is played exactly as regular craps, but the roll distribution of the remaining cards in the CSM is slightly skewed from the normal symmetric distribution of dice. Even if the dealer were to shuffle each roll back into the CSM, the effect of buffering a number of cards in the chute of the CSM provides information about the skew of the next roll.
Analysis shows this type of game is biased towards the don't pass and don't come bets. To replicate the original dice odds exactly without dice or possibility of card-counting, another scheme uses two shuffle machines with just one deck of Ace through 6 each. Each machine selects one of the 6 cards at random and this is the roll. The selected cards are replaced and the decks are reshuffled for the next roll.
In this game variation, one red deck and one blue deck of six cards each A through 6 , and a red die and a blue die are used. Each deck is shuffled separately, usually by machine.