Planet Hollywood Las Vegas
Roger Corman was another successful independent filmmaker. Edwards July 9, In the s the strategy paid off with major box office successes like The Ten Commandments , South Pacific , and Ben-Hur keeping the Studios in profit, but by the s production costs were escalating and audience tastes had begun to change. Renovations were carried out in stages, allowing the resort to remain open throughout. Gold Strike had hoped to name the project as the Grand Victoria, the same name as the casino being developed by the company in Illinois, but that idea was discarded because of potential confusion with the MGM Grand.
Barbarians At The Gate
A request was made for the owner to propose plans to fireproof the hotel's wooden roof and attic. County officials suggested the installation of either a sprinkler system or sheet rock in the attic, as well as the addition of fire-proof materials on the roof of the hotel structures.
The hotel featured rooms, 32 villas, six restaurants, horseback and bicycle-riding facilities, and a helicopter service to take guests to nearby attractions such as Mount Charleston and Lake Mead.
Kings Crown planned to add a casino and showroom as soon as possible. Lighting and sound system details for the showroom were being finalized in March , while Kings Crown planned to have the showroom opened in the summer.
Sound men who designed the showroom consulted with sound engineers at the University of California, Los Angeles. In addition, Parker was named as a part owner in the resort.
The fire was believed to have been started by a cigarette. Groundbreaking ceremonies for the casino and showroom were scheduled for the weekend of April , Celebrities, including MacLaine, were expected to attend the ceremonies. Future plans included the addition of a story hotel structure with rooms. A New Year's Eve opening date had been planned for the casino, while the possibility remained for a showroom lounge and two new restaurants to open at that time,  although they ultimately did not.
In February , as the Gaming Board was considering the issuance of a gambling license, the hotel submitted multiple partnership changes that would include increasing Parker's ownership from eight percent to twenty percent. The Gaming Board deferred action on the gambling license until the following month. Leypoldt said, "I don't think it's fair to ask us to act on something that's entirely different from what was presented Monday. It would do the casino industry a great deal of harm if you opened and in six months went broke because of lack of financing.
The request for a gambling license was withdrawn in March , to allow more time to reorganize the partnership. The companies stated that other groups were interested in taking over the resort as soon as the leasees, including Chuck Luftig and Edward Nealis, could be removed. Phone service to the hotel was cut off in April , after approximately 50 guests declined to pay their phone bills.
The guests, whose bills dated back to January, were asked to leave the hotel. Construction of the high-rise was expected to begin later in the year. Johnson and Associates was the contractor and was hired to construct new facilities and renovate existing structures.
Renovation plans included the remodeling of the showroom and lounge, as well as the casino and the hotel's front side. Elevators and escalators were also installed at the hotel's two main front entrances. Two weeks after Prell's purchase, a new opening date of April 1 was announced due to the fast progress of renovations, while construction of the high-rise was expected to begin in the fall.
A large group of investors owned the remaining stock. The resort opened as Milton Prell's Aladdin at midnight on April 1, , becoming the first new resort to open on the Las Vegas Strip in nine years. Briare , Las Vegas mayor Oran K. A little more than a year after it was opened, the Aladdin was host to Elvis and Priscilla Presley 's wedding. Louis attorney Richard L. In August , several individuals were convicted by a Detroit Federal Jury of conspiring to allow hidden owners to exert control over the resort, and the Nevada Gaming Commission then closed the hotel.
Newton sold his share to Torres 21 months later. The property was publicly put up for sale in , after months of unsuccessful private attempts to locate a buyer. Trump decided not to purchase the Aladdin as he felt the price was too high.
Interest in the property increased following the news of Trump's potential purchase, with several prospective buyers emerging. At the time, the resort consisted of a 1,room hotel and a 37, square-foot casino.
On December 6, , American rock band Phish performed at the Aladdin, marking the first appearance in Las Vegas by the band. The concert featured a guest appearance by members of the band Primus and a group of Elvis impersonators. The Aladdin closed on November 25, On April 27, , the hotel tower was imploded at 7: The Aladdin Theatre was retained and incorporated into the new resort.
See you in It never had the glamour of the Sands or the exotic dancers of the Tropicana or the Dunes or Stardust. Maybe it was location, but the Hacienda was farther out, and it was a success. Sommer took on London Clubs International as a partner in developing the new casino resort. The Aladdin was scheduled to reopen on August 17, , at 6: The opening was delayed while the Clark County building inspector completed its fire safety testing.
Another delay was caused by last-minute repairs to the casino surveillance system. This left thousands of Aladdin visitors leaving in disappointment, as well as opening night hotel guests wondering where they'd spend the night. Many high-rollers waited out on the sidewalks in front of the Aladdin for hours.
Most were unable to even get to their luggage, since the hotel had been locked down for testing. Aladdin employees tried to arrange alternate accommodations for the guests with Paris and Bellagio. The Aladdin finally opened the next day at 7: Eden's speech as well as the other festivities were drowned out by the bullhorns and the rest of the protest.
According to Josh Axelrad in his book, Repeat until Rich , he and other professional gamblers, primarily card counters , took advantage of the Aladdin's inexperienced staff its opening weekend and fleeced the casino for an undetermined but large amount of money. The casino later introduced severe limits on mid-shoe bets in response. The Aladdin was in financial trouble from the time it opened, and entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in September In February , Aladdin Gaming was searching for potential buyers.
Renovations were carried out in stages, allowing the resort to remain open throughout. Planet Hollywood Las Vegas includes an expanded casino, new restaurants , new nightclub and retail space.
A redesign of the facade and pedestrian plaza was intended to correct defects that made accessing the property from the sidewalks on The Strip difficult. The official grand opening was the weekend of November 16, The casino defaulted on its mortgage and had failed to make scheduled payments in September Harrah's began its process of taking over the property in December by purchasing some of the resort's debt. On February 18, , the Nevada Gaming Commission gave Harrah's the approval to take over the property.
Harrah's officially acquired the property on February 19, Robert Earl , former president and founder of the Planet Hollywood brand, will advise Caesars on marketing strategies for Planet Hollywood Hotel and the other nine casinos Caesars owns in the Las Vegas area. Caesars does not own Prive Nightclub, nor some restaurants in the hotel. Through a licensing agreement, Caesars now has the right to use the Planet Hollywood trademark at other properties worldwide.
Combined with its earlier acquisition of former Barbary Coast via a three-way-swap , the acquisition of Planet Hollywood's footprint on the Strip gave Caesars total control of the acres 0. Planet Hollywood's architecture can best be described as having a 'Hollywood hip' theme.
It eschews the popular Art-Deco glamour of similarly imaged venues for a sleeker look that features plenty of glass, neon and reflective surfaces.
The resort features a three-acre casino floor full of traditional gambling machines like slots, table games and The Playing Field Race and Sports Book.
This features 33 plasma screens, two jumbo screens and a section for VIP. Planet Hollywood is the first Las Vegas resort to offer table games dealt by young ladies in "chic lingerie". The Pleasure Pit is a section of the table games where this happens with go-go dancers entertaining the gamblers at the side. Skill-based gaming machines from Gamblit Gaming were introduced in March , the first of their kind in Las Vegas.
Gamblit Poker and Cannonbeard's Treasure are currently available, with more titles to come in the future. The Mezzanine can be accessed by taking an escalator in the casino or the elevator. Here, guests can relax on comfy chairs overlooking the casino. The space was designed to be quieter than the main areas of the casino, where guests come to lounge and smoke. The area is rather spaced out with room to walk and includes a place for shooting basketball hoops.
It includes a "Living Room" with sofas to be accessed by the guests. The Planet Hollywood showroom is located on the mezzanine. It features several different live shows; as of , the most popular [ citation needed ] and longest-running is titled Peepshow which previously starred headliners such as Holly Madison and Coco Austin in the leading role.
A live version of the television series America's Got Talent hosted by Jerry Springer who flies to Vegas weekly from his self-titled show's taping in Stamford, Connecticut and Tony n' Tina's Wedding played on the Mezzanine in The swimming pool in this resort can be accessed through the sixth floor.
Filming on location in New Orleans during Mardi Gras, this reputation proved all too warranted, as an increasingly paranoid Hopper ranted and raved, falling out with Fonda, and fighting for control of the project from a hastily organized crew. Despite the disastrous New Orleans episode, Schneider kept faith with Hopper, ensuring that a proper crew was assembled for the rest of the shoot.
Nicholson, who had been acting in movies for a decade but had failed to make much of an impact, was on the verge of giving it up for a career behind the camera. His performance, full of little touches that brought the character to life, turned out to be the most memorable in the film, establishing the "rebel against the system" persona he would become famous for.
Dennis Hopper's Easy Rider  Filming took place in the spring and early summer of in scenic locations that included Monument Valley and Louisiana, although the hippy commune featured in the film had to be recreated in Malibu, California, because the original — in Taos, New Mexico — did not permit shooting there. Nicholson helped to keep the peace between Hopper and Fonda, and the production was conducted on a more professional basis than it had been previously.
As a director, Hopper broke a number of the established rules of filmmaking, improvising much of the dialogue, and ignoring mismatches of continuity. Influenced by experimental filmmakers like his close friend Bruce Conner, Hopper continued to follow his own vision in the editing room. He refused to discard technical imperfections like lens flair, and incorporated jump cuts and flash forwards — a narrative device in which a shot from later in the story is intercut into the current scene.
By the late s, thousands of American students began graduating from newly-established college film courses. Many dreamed of emulating the uncompromising approach of Jean-Luc Godard and making films as a form of self-expression. Few, though, had the ingenuity and drive to succeed in the real world of film production. Among the few exceptions was Jim McBride who attended New York University film-school, but discovered his studies meant little when it came to finding employment in the industry.
Through this process he hopes to capture an honest record of his life. Instead his obsessive filming alienates everyone, particularly his girlfriend Penny, leaving him alone and suicidal. Whatever happens in front of the camera is not reality anymore.
It becomes something else. It becomes a movie. As a foretaste of the endless video diaries and reality TV of the present day, the film was remarkably prescient. Its importance was recognised by the Library of Congress when they selected it for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Brian De Palma was another East-Coast-based, young independent director working outside the mainstream.
If I could be the American Godard, that would be great," he said in after the unexpected success of his experimental satirical comedy Greetings Born in Philadelphia in , De Palma majored in science at Columbia University before becoming interested in film and making several shorts, including the well-regarded Woton's Wake His first feature, The Wedding Party shot in , released in , was a collaborative experiment financed by a wealthy fellow student that featured the screen debuts of both Robert De Niro and Jill Clayburgh, however the film failed to receive distribution.
Persevering, De Palma borrowed Jean-Luc Godard's central premise from Masculin Feminin of young people dealing with contemporary problems, and wrote the outline for what would become Greetings.
Unexpectedly, the film, whose irreverence and topicality struck a chord with younger cinemagoers, pulled in over a million dollars at the box office. Following its success, De Palma and Hirsh made a sequel, the even more experimental and politically radical Hi Mom! The experience, however, was not a happy one and the film flopped. It would be some years before De Palma would break through into the mainstream, by which time it was Alfred Hitchcock rather than Godard who had become his guiding inspiration.
He grew up watching movies from a young age. After leaving high school he spent some time in a seminary training to be a priest, but was expelled for failing to concentrate on his studies. Instead he enrolled at New York University where he studied the history and aesthetics of cinema under the inspiring instruction of teacher Haig Manoogian.
After receiving his degree from NYU in , Scorsese stayed on as an instructor of film technique and, at the same time, began making his first full-length feature. Its central story revolved around the character of JR — played by Harvey Keitel, making his screen acting debut — a young Italian American man who pursues a free-spirited girl Zina Bethune , but finds it impossible to come to terms with her secret past.
Stylistically, Scorsese was inspired by the new cinema coming out of Europe, particularly France and Italy, as he later recalled: The film eventually took two years to make, with Scorsese and his crew shooting scenes whenever there was an opportunity to do so.
The discontinuous production schedule and low budget resulted in an often-fragmented film, with frequent shifts of continuity and texture some scenes were shot on 16mm and some on 35mm.
In the meantime he lived hand to mouth, working on commercials in Europe and eventually making a name for himself as an editor, most notably on Woodstock At the same time overheads were rising.
Sensing an opportunity, wealthy corporations who had made their money in industries such as zinc mining or hotels, began buying and taking over the ailing Hollywood studios. An unexpectedly positive consequence of these upheavals was the arrival of new production executives such as Robert Evans at Paramount, and John Calley at Warner Brothers, whose creative judgement would play a decisive part in the movies produced during the New Hollywood era.
One studio that had always operated differently from its bigger and more powerful competitors, and who now, despite the difficult climate, found itself prospering, was United Artists. Griffith in , U. They would win the Best Picture Oscar again in for a groundbreaking and controversial depiction of New York street life. The screenplay went through several unsatisfactory drafts before Waldo Salt, a screenwriter who had been blacklisted in the s after refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee, came on board.
But Hoffman, who was uncomfortable with that status and longed to prove himself a real actor, relished the opportunity to take on such a contrasting role. Schlesinger wavered for a while, but eventually agreed that Voight had more chemistry with Hoffman and offered him the part.
The memorable supporting cast included Sylvia Miles as an aging Park Avenue kept-woman, John McGiver as a religious fanatic, and Brenda Vaccaro as the sympathetic client Joe meets at a bohemian party.
Yet, in spite of the obvious quality of what he had shot, an exhausted Schlesinger was plagued with doubts about the first cut. He brought in his long-time editor, Jim Clark, as creative consultant. Clark reshaped the disparate elements: When it went in front of the Motion Picture Association of America ratings board, Midnight Cowboy received an X-rating — the first X-rated movie released by a major studio.
However early screenings were overwhelmingly positive and soon audiences were queuing up around the block to see the film. However early screenings were overwhelmingly positive; there was a minute ovation on opening night and soon audiences were queuing up around the block to see the film.
Midnight Cowboy eventually became the second highest grossing movie of Easy Rider finally premiered at the Cannes Festival, where the troupe of long-haired, bearded hippie filmmakers who had come to present the film caused a sensation along the Croisette.
The film was well-received and won Dennis Hopper an award for Best First Work — an prize created especially so that the film could be honored. When it opened in America later that summer it was greeted with grateful recognition by a counter-culture who were unaccustomed to seeing themselves and their beliefs portrayed on screen.
The idealism and sense of possibility that had characterised much of the s had, by the end of the decade, given way to anger and confrontation. In there were the assassinations of Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, the escalation of the Vietnam war, and race riots in a number of major cities, including Chicago and Washington, D. Across the country younger people were rejecting the values of their parents. This divide was very apparent at the Academy Awards where New Hollywood films like Midnight Cowboy and Easy Rider , which had re-contextualised Western iconography in a contemporary setting, competed for awards with more traditional examples of the genre like Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid and True Grit.
There they get caught up in the Mexican revolution resulting in a bloody showdown with a renegade General and his ragtag army of Mexican Federale soldiers. Peckinpah argued that it showed the violence of the West, and the character of the men who perpetrated it, authentically and realistically for the first time.
He also claimed it was an intentional allegory of the war in Vietnam, whose carnage was then being televised nightly in American homes on the evening news.
Intercutting shots from multiple angles, slowing down and speeding up action, he brought a new level of artistry to the filming of action sequences that would prove highly influential.
Combative and uncompromising, Sam Peckinpah was not afraid of upsetting either studio executives, or crewmembers, when it came to realising his vision on screen.
A brilliant craftsman with a poetic sensibility, he had made his name in the late s writing and directing television shows like The Rifleman and The Westerner. His second cinema feature Ride the High Country was popular in Europe where it was hailed as a brilliant reworking of the Western genre.
American critics praised it too, with Newsweek magazine naming it the best film of the year. The resulting muddle failed at the box office, and Peckinpah was subsequently fired from his next film The Cincinnati Kid when its producer heard that he was difficult to work with.
Effectively ostracised for several years, Peckinpah survived as a screenwriter. By the time he returned to directing in the late s, the cinematic landscape had changed. Bonnie and Clyde , in particular, had widened the parameters of what was acceptable for a mainstream American movie.
Over the next decade and a half his name became synonymous with violence and controversy, but to younger New Hollywood acolytes like Paul Schrader and John Milius, he was a maverick genius who refused to kowtow to the system. His anti-establishment stance was reflected in many of the protagonists of his movies: American Zoetrope was just one of many alternative, idealistic communities then springing up across America inspired by hippie idealism.
In the film, Arlo, playing himself, is a student hoping for a way to avoid the draft. He takes up residence in a deconsecrated church in Massachusetts with older friends Alice and Ray, as well as other like-minded bohemian types.
After Thanksgiving dinner he decides to do his hosts a favour by getting rid of their garbage by taking it to the town dump. When he finds it closed, he throws the garbage instead on top of another pile he finds at the bottom of a cliff. This lands him in trouble with the local police who arrest him. The criminal conviction unexpectedly results in him being rejected for military service in Vietnam. Warm and whimsical at first, the movie takes a darker turn when one member of the community overdoses on heroin.
Whether in the jungles of Vietnam, or the inner city ghettos, life for them did not resemble the idealised life-styles portrayed in many television shows and Hollywood movies.
Acclaimed cinematographer turned director, Haskell Wexler, was determined to depict life as so many experienced it. But the discovery that his boss has been showing out-takes of his work, including footage of radical groups, to the FBI, sparks a growing awareness of his own responsibility. At the same time he becomes involved with Eileen, whose husband has died in Vietnam, and her son Harold. The film climaxes with Eileen desperately searching for Harold who has gone missing amongst the crowds of protestors and police at the Chicago Democratic National Convention.
Wexler and his crew filmed these scenes during the actual protest and the ensuing riot. At one point a tear-gas canister comes flying toward the camera as a voice off-screen exclaims: French New Wave and international new wave cinema. American Independents page one. Direct Cinema page two. Barbarians At The Gate. Peace, Love, and Murder.